Reference Library: All References

Effects of CO2-induced ocean acidification on physiological and mechanical properties of the starfish Asterias rubens

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

The common sea star (Asterias rubens) appeared to withstand the effects of reduced seawater pH, at least for short-term exposures of 15 to 27 days, with no significant changes in the strength of its tube feet or the RNA/DNA ratio of its tissues. (Laboratory study)

Evolutionary potential of marine phytoplankton under ocean acidification

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

Marine phytoplankton have many characteristics, such as rapid cell division rates and large population sizes, that may enable them to adapt to ocean acidification and other types of global change. This paper reviews findings from previous studies to evaluate whether this adaptation is likely to occur, and it stresses the ...

Larvae of the pteropod Cavolinia inflexa exposed to aragonite undersaturation are viable but shell-less

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

When larvae of Mediterranean pteropods were cultured in pH 7.82 water, they had malformations and less shell growth. At pH 7.51, the larvae did not make shells but survived and showed normal development. In a natural setting, the smaller shells or lack of shells would have both ecological and biogeochemical ...

The direct effects of increasing CO2 and temperature on non-calcifying organisms: Increasing the potential for phase shifts in kelp forests

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

Increased CO2 and temperature acted together to increase the growth of algal turfs, which produced twice as much biomass and covered four times as much space. Experimental removal of algal turfs led to greater establishment of young kelp. The findings suggest that ocean acidification and warming could potentially cause a ...

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