Reference Library: All References

Volcanic carbon dioxide vents show ecosystem effects of ocean acidification

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

This study showed the effects of ocean acidification on ecosystems at coastal sites where volcanic CO2 vents lower the pH of the water. Along gradients of normal pH (8.1–8.2) to lowered pH (mean 7.8–7.9, minimum 7.4–7.5), typical rocky shore communities with abundant calcareous organisms shifted to communities lacking scleractinian corals ...

Deep-water prawn Pandalus borealis displays a relatively high pH regulatory capacity in response to CO2-induced acidosis

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

Deep-water prawns (Pandalus borealis) exposed to severely acidified seawater (pH 6.86) for 16 days were able to compensate by accumulate buffering bicarbonate ions at levels comparable to those reported for shallow-living decapod crustaceans. (Laboratory study)

Gene expression profiling in gills of the great spider crab Hyas araneus in response to ocean acidification and warming

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

The Arctic spider crab (Hyas araneus) appears to have a threshold of ocean acidification beyond which it fails to acclimate. In a 10-week experiment, it had a limited ability to adjust to effects of ocean acidification with and without also experiencing a warmer temperature. (Laboratory study)

Immunomodulation by the interactive effects of cadmium and hypercapnia in marine bivalves Crassostrea virginica and Mercenaria mercenaria

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

Ocean acidification increased the negative effects of cadmium pollution on the immune systems of quahogs and eastern oysters, potentially making them more vulnerable to pathogens and disease. (Laboratory study)

Impacts of seawater acidification on mantle gene expression patterns of the Baltic Sea blue mussel: Implications for shell formation and energy metabolism.

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

Experiments with blue mussels from the Baltic Sea revealed a molecular basis of observed changes in physiology in response to ocean acidification. (Laboratory study)

Maintenance of coelomic fluid pH in sea urchins exposed to elevated CO2: The role of body cavity epithelia and stereom dissolution.

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

In green sea urchins from the Baltic Sea, the spines appear to be vulnerable to ocean acidification, which might reduce the urchins' protection against predators. Intestinal epithelia may play a role in mediating acid-base balance in the urchin. (Laboratory study)

Long-term effects of nutrient and CO2 enrichment on the temperate coral Astrangia poculata (Ellis and Solander, 1786)

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

Based on experiments with corals collected in Woods Hole, Massachusetts, this paper presents a conceptual model of how changes in nutrients and ocean acidification may interact to produce the range of effects that have been observed in different coral studies. (Laboratory study)

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