Interactive effects of elevated temperature and CO2 levels on energy metabolism and biomineralization of marine bivalves Crassostrea virginica and Mercenaria mercenaria.

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

When quahogs and eastern oysters were exposed to a combination of warmer temperatures and ocean acidification for 15 weeks, shell hardness decreased in both species. By itself, ocean acidification had a small effect on the physiology and metabolism of both species, but it improved survival in oysters. (Laboratory study)

Short-term acute hypercapnia affects cellular responses to trace metals in the hard clams Mercenaria mercenaria

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

Experiments with quahogs exposed to trace metal pollutants under ocean acidification conditions revealed complex interactions and indicated that variations in environmental CO2 may modulate the biological effects of trace metals. (Laboratory study)

Effect of elevated pCO2 on the production of dimethylsulphonioproprionate (DMSP) and dimethylsulphide (DMS) in two species of Ulva (Chlorophyceae)

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

Intracellular concentration of DMSP remained unaffected in two macroalgae species (Ulva lactuca and U. clathrata) under ocean acidification conditions, but significant differences in extracellular production of DMSP and DMS occurred in U. lactuca. (Laboratory study)

Effects of high CO2 seawater on the copepod (Acartia tsuensis) through all life stages and subsequent generations.

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

Ocean acidification conditions did not affect survival, body size, or developmental speed of a copepod species during any of its life stages. Egg production and hatching rates also did not change among generations of females exposed to ocean acidification conditions. Thus, this copepod appears more tolerant to ocean acidification than ...

Effects of raised CO2 concentration on the egg production rate and early development of two marine copepods (Acartia steueri and Acartia erythraea)

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

Reproduction and larval development of two copepod species were sensitive to extreme ocean acidification conditions. The hatching rate tended to decrease, and mortality rate of young copepods tended to increase. (Laboratory study)

Sub-lethal effects of elevated concentration of CO2 on planktonic copepods and sea urchins

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

Under extreme ocean acidification conditions (pH 6.8), the egg production rates of copepods decreased significantly. For two species of sea urchins, fertilization rate of eggs decreased with increasing ocean acidification conditions. Furthermore, the size of urchin larvae decreased and deformities increased. These effects on marine life could lead to changes ...

Acidification and warming affect both a calcifying predator and prey, but not their interaction

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

Muscle length and claw strength of green crabs decreased after the crabs had been in ocean acidification conditions (pH 7.7) for 5 months. Periwinkles tended to have weaker shells in response to acidification. Predation by green crabs on periwinkles did not appear to change under ocean acidification conditions. (Laboratory study) ...

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