Sensitivity to ocean acidification parallels natural pCO2 gradients experienced by Arctic copepods under winter sea ice

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

Some copepods (Calanus species) in the Arctic routinely encounter a range of seawater pH levels each day as they migrate vertically in the ocean; they were not severely affected when exposed to ocean acidification conditions in the laboratory. In contrast, a copepod species (Oithona similis) that does not vertically migrate, ...

Impact of ocean acidification and elevated temperatures on early juveniles of the polar shelled pteropod Limacina helicina: Mortality, shell degradation, and shell growth.

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

When pre-winter juvenile pteropods were cultured at a range of warmer temperatures and ocean acidification levels for 29 days, temperature was the overriding cause of increased mortality. However, ocean acidification was the main factor in reducing shell diameter by 10-12 percent and increasing shell degradation by 41 percent. This study ...

Seasonal and species-specific response of five brown macroalgae to high atmospheric CO2

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

Four species of intertidal brown seaweeds increased their uptake of carbon dioxide (CO2) as ambient CO2 concentration increased, while one other species did not. The amount of increased CO2 uptake changed seasonally with temperature, and for one species the results indicated that future impacts of increased CO2 would be greatest ...

The metabolic response of pteropods to acidification reflects natural CO2-exposure in oxygen minimum zones.

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

Four species of pteropods from the tropical Pacific Ocean that naturally migrate into low-oxygen waters were not adversely affected when grown under ocean acidification conditions. However, another pteropod species, which does not migrate, responded to ocean acidification conditions with reduced oxygen consumption and ammonia excretion. This indicates that the natural ...

Reduced early life growth and survival in a fish in direct response to increase carbon dioxide

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

When embryos of a common estuarine fish—the inland silverside—were exposed to high CO2 levels until one week after hatching, survival dropped by 74 percent and length by 18 percent. The eggs were more vulnerable to mortality than the post-hatch larvae. The CO2 conditions that were simulated in the study are ...

Extensive dissolution of live pteropods in the Southern Ocean

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

When scientists collected pteropods living in the Southern Ocean, where high levels of CO2 caused low availability of calcium carbonate in the water for building shells, they found that the pteropods' shells had severely dissolved. In the laboratory, pteropods incubated under similar CO2 conditions had equivalent levels of dissolution. ...

Effects of CO2- induced seawater acidification on the health of Mytilus edulis.

  • Posted on: Mon, 06/13/2016 - 05:56
  • By: Anonymous

Blue mussels exposed to highly acidified seawater for sixty days were able to protect their body tissues involved in reproduction, digestion, and respiration. However, the physiological defenses take energy away from other life processes, meaning that long-term exposure to ocean acidification may result in reduced growth and health of blue ...

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